2007-2008 #2 Winter ~

College students, & high-school seniors and juniors– Enter this contest for an all-expenses-paid trip to participate in our annual assembly in Washington D.C.

“PURSUING A MULTILATERAL FOREIGN POLICY FOR THE GOOD OF THE WORLD”

MAY 15 – 16, 2008

HEAR PRESENTATIONS BY EXPERTS & JOIN IN DISCUSSIONS ON: HOW TO GET INVOLVED IN THE POLITICAL PROCESS
HOW TO MAKE THE U.N. MORE EFFECTIVE
HOW THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT MAKES A DIFFERENCE

VISIT THE NATIONAL OFFICE OF YOUR MEMBER OF CONGRESS

Citizens for Global Solutions of Greater St. Louis will provide transportation, registration, meals, and lodging for a college student or a high-school junior or senior to participate in the Citizens for Global Solu- tions national assembly in Washington DC.

The conference begins at 9:00 a.m. Thursday, May 15, so you should be able to leave St. Louis Thursday afternoon or evening. It ends Friday afternoon, May 16, so you could be back that night if you wish. If you want to do sightseeing in Washington on Saturday, we will also provide housing for you for Friday night (but not extra meals). Getting to and from the St. Louis airport is your responsibility.

If you want to be a contestant for this all-expenses-paid trip, write a 3-5 page typed essay (double- spaced) consisting of two parts. In the first part tell us about your background and why you would be a good person for us to send to this meeting. In the second part share with us your thinking about some of the problems our world community faces and how we might deal with them more effectively.

In exchange for this subsidy C/GS of St. Louis expects you to give us a brief written report about the conference & what you learned from it. (This gets published in our local newsletter.)

Send your essay to:

Ronald J. Glossop, 8894 Berkay Avenue, Jennings, MO 63136-5004 or preferably by e-mail to: <rglossop@mindspring.com> Be sure to include your home address and home telephone number. For more information, call (314) 869-2303.

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Deadline: April 21, 2008. Winner(s) will be notified by April 22, 2008.
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Local Annual Meeting Set For May 18, 2008 At CBC High School

The Board of Officers and Trustees of Citizens for Global Solutions of Greater St. Louis has determined the date and place for our annual local meeting. It will be held at 3:30 Sunday afternoon, May 18, at the new CBC high school in west St. Louis County, just west of I-270 and just north of I-64/US 40.

The speaker will be Dr. David Oughton who teaches religion and philosophy courses at CBC High School as well as at various area colleges and universities. At CBC High he has been able to institute global-minded practices such as saying a pledge of allegiance to the world as well as to the United States each morning and having the U.N. flag flying along with the national, state, and city flags. Dr. Oughton has organized semi-annual meetings of the St. Louis Dialogue Group of the World’s Religions and Philosophies for more than

20 years and has participated in several Parlia- ments of the World’s Religions. He also is the Treasurer of our CGS chapter. Dr. Oughton’s topic will be the role of religion in the quest for peace and justice.

More details about the annual meeting will be provided in the next newsletter. We will be mak- ing a special effort to provide transportation to those who need it.

At that meeting we will elect officers and board members as usual. Our chapter Nominating Com- mittee chaired by Suzanne Reinhold is looking for volunteers who would like to serve the chapter as an officer or trustee. Her phone number is 314/ 822-4577 or 314/842-4445 and her e-mail address is <REINLAW@aol.com>. If you want to get more involved in the work of our organization, this is your chance.

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Last chance for Congress to stop U.S. air attack on Iran

(This letter was published in the St. Louis POST-DISPATCH, Dec. 7, 2007, p. C14.)

Will Congress step up to the plate and stop the present administration’s plans to launch an air attack on Iran before it is replaced by another administration? The matter at issue is the $88 million designated for retrofitting B2 bombers to carry the “bunker-buster bombs” (technically called “Massive Ordinance Penetrator” weapons or MOPs) which is part of the supplemental appro- priations bill for military spending being considered by Congress this month. The only conceivable purpose for this project and these weapons is to attack Iran. Such unwarranted aggression by the United States in clear disregard for international law must be prevented.

While the attention of Democrats with regard to this appropriations bill seems to be focused on setting some date for withdrawal of U.S. military forces from Iraq, the even more dangerous and disturbing matter of the pending air attack on Iran is being totally neglected.

This is the last chance for Congress to stop the idiocy and disregard for international law of the present administration. If the appropriation of this retrofitting of the B2s is approved, Bush will be able to argue that he had the implicit approval of Congress to proceed with the plan to attack Iran, an act which will create even more terrorists and enemies of our country for decades to come.

Will members of Congress, including perhaps some candidates for President, save us from this catastrophe much worse than Iraq?

Honoring and Remembering Peace Activist Phil Sgroi

Phillip Stephen Sgroi, long-time member of our organization, was born December 5, 1944 and died November 21, 2007. Phil worked as a certified teacher of behavioral-disordered students and as a licensed Clinical Social Worker. As a Reform Democrat he held the position of 14th Ward Committeeman in the City of St. Louis, and he was a delegate to the 1992 Demo- cratic National Convention.

Phil was a humble, passionate humanitarian with a strong set of Christian values, which he took very seriously. He was a committed member of the Catholic Church. He greatly admired both Gandhi and Martin Luther King, not only because of the fundamental righteousness of their causes but also because they sought change through non-violent protest. Their tactic of insisting that their adversaries alter their thinking and do what was right was the modus operandi that Phil adopted whenever he became involved in some issue.

He first became involved in peace and justice issues in the late 1960s as a result of his opposition to the Vietnam War. Phil was 4F for health and physical reasons, difficulties that he had to deal with throughout his life. He nevertheless traveled to Washington DC several times to participate in the anti-war marches as well as working with the people here in St. Louis who were organizing against the war. He actively supported anti-war Presidential candidates Eugene McCarthy and George McGovern.

In the 1970s Phil became involved in consumer issues and local politics. On March 20, 1976 he was able to persuade the Board of Aldermen of the City of St. Louis to adopt Resolution 104, a resolution of Mundialization which declared in part:

“THAT St. Louis hereby recognizes its status as a World City, and

THAT the citizens of St. Louis are hereby urged to recognize that, in addition to their loyalties and responsi- bilities to their city, state, and nation, they share a loyalty and responsibility to the world at large with the concerned people of the world; and in that sense are citizens of the world; and

THAT the citizens of St. Louis are further urged to pledge their efforts to the establishment of world peace through application of just world law, and to the dedication of the resources of the world to the service, and not to the destruction of people; and, to that end are urged to pledge their financial support to the United Nations Special Account, or other United Nations agencies; and

THAT a United Nations flag is hereby authorized to be displayed in a lawful and appropriate manner together with those of the United States of America, the State of Missouri, and the City of St. Louis, on municipally controlled public places.”

Two years later Phil convinced Mayor James Conway to issue a proclamation which said in part:

WHEREAS, observation of Earth from outer space has made clear to us that we are all joint travelers on a single planet, and

WHEREAS, the welfare of the people of the world can be advanced only through world cooperation based on the concept of membership in a common world community,

NOW, THEREFORE, I, James Conway, Mayor of St. Louis, do hereby proclaim the week of April 2-8, 1978 World Citizenship Week and urge the citizens of St. Louis to give special consideration during this period to their responsibilities as members of the world community.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT the City of St. Louis shall continue to encourage its people to be good citizens of the world community. As a reminder of this commitment, the United Nations flag, symbol of the world community, will be displayed at the St. Louis International Airport, at the City Hall, and at other public places in the city. Additional measures shall be taken with the assis- tance of the Mayor’s Advisory Committee on World Citizenship which I am appointing today. Dated March 31, 1978

What great reminders these statements are (and you are seeing only half of each of them) of how much Phil did for our organization!

In 1980 Phil was elected Democratic committeeman from the 14th ward. One of his accomplishments at the Democratic City Central Committee was to convince them that the time-honored practice of “lugging” patronage employees was exploitative and should be abandoned. He was always on good terms with members of the African-American community in St. Louis, and he also served on the Board of the Missouri Coalition for the Environment. He served as Midwest Coordinator for the Commission on Proposals for the National Academy of Peace and Conflict Resolution, also known as the Matsunaga Commission. The work of that commission led to the creation of the U.S. Department of Peace in 1984. Phil was also an advocate for a national cabinet-level Department of Peace and at one time had the dream that he might become the first U.S. Secretary of Peace.

CGS of Greater St. Louis is grateful for the memorial contributions we have received in honor of Phil. I very much appreciate receiving information from Jane Conrad, Wally Hose, and Alice Geary for this tribute to Phil.

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UNEPS: AN IMPORTANT PROPOSAL TO MAKE THE UN MORE EFFECTIVE

The United Nations Emergency Peace Service (UNEPS) has been proposed as a permanent emergency response service designed to address the need for the international community to respond rapidly and effec- tively to emerging crises. The creation of UNEPS is supported by organizations such as Citizens for Global Solutions and Human Rights Watch. Representatives Albert Wynn (D-MD) and James Walsh (R-NY) intro- duced legislation in the 110th Congress (H. RES. 213) in support of UNEPS.

The need for UNEPS was best explained by former U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan. He compared his job of building support and raising funds for each new U.N. peacekeeping mission to that of a volunteer fire chief, who is forced to raise funds, find volunteers and secure a fire truck for each new fire. “The core chal- lenge to the Security Council and to the United Nations as a whole in the next century,” he declared, is “to forge unity behind the principle that massive and systematic violations of human rights—wherever they may take place—should not be allowed to stand.”

Because a UN emergency service would be perma- nent, based at UN designated sites, and include mobile field headquarters, it could move to quell an emergency within 48 hours after United Nations authorization. Since it would be individually recruited from among volunteers from many countries, it would not suffer the reluctance of UN members to deploy their own national units. As its 12,000 to 15,000 personnel would be carefully selected, expertly trained, and coherently organized and commanded, it would not fail in its mission due to lack of skills, equipment, cohesiveness, experience in resolving conflicts, or gender, national, or religious imbalance. Because it would be an integrated service encompassing civilian, police, judicial, and military personnel prepared to conduct multiple func- tions in diverse UN operations, it would not suffer for lack of components essential to peace operations or from confusion about the chain of command. By providing a wide range of functions, the UN Emergency Peace Service would, for the first time in history, offer a rapid, comprehensive, internationally legitimate re- sponse to crises.

In Darfur, the Sudanese government has effectively prevented the U.N. from deploying peacekeeping forces, which has contributed to the unraveling of the May 2006 Darfur Peace Agreement. If the international

community had UNEPS in its arsenal during negotiation of the peace accord, the deployment of a UNEPS mission to Darfur could have been included in the Darfur Peace Agreement. By the time national peace- keepers were ready to replace UNEPS, the situation on the ground would have stabilized or, at minimum, become more manageable. UNEPS would help prevent early stage crises, whether caused by violent conflict or natural phenomenon, from escalating into national or regional disasters. It is a timely and important step in providing the world community with the international emergency service it so desperately needs.

Public support for the United Nations Emergency Peace Service is substantial. A recent poll showed 64 percent of the population in 14 different countries agreed that the UN should have a permanent peacekeep- ing force. In the United States, an impressive 72% were in favor of such a force.

54 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have sent a letter urging Members of Congress to co-sponsor H. Res. 213 , the resolution calling for the establishment of a United Nations Emergency Peace Service (UNEPS). Signatories include an array of NGOs representing the peace and conflict resolution commu- nity, think tanks, civil rights, faith-based and human rights organizations. Among the groups signing the letter are: Save Darfur, Refugees International, the Center for American Progress, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Presbyterian Church, USA and Human Rights Watch.

On October 31, 2007 Representative Wynn and Walsh sent a Dear Colleague letter to other Members of Congress, urging them to cosponsor the legislation. In their letter they said, “If the United Nations Peacekeep- ing Service (UNEPS) that we propose were in existence today, the people of Darfur would be already enjoying the protection of a well-trained peacekeeping unit capable of accomplishing its mission.”

For more details about UNEPS and the campaign to make it a reality, you can read the book A UNITED NATIONS EMERGENCY PEACE SERVICE TO PREVENT GENOCIDE AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY, Robert C. Johansen, Editor, published in 2006 (New York: WFM- IGP, 708 Third Ave., 24th floor, New York NY 10017). A book review by Ron Glossop is available on the national CGS website <http://www.globalsolutions.org&gt;.

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Chapter News!

NEW WEBSITE FOR CGS OF GREATER ST. LOUIS

CGS of Greater St. Louis has a new website: <https://cgsstlouis.wordpress.com&gt;.

Our new webmaster is Nikki Llorin, student at St. Louis University. The current issue of the newsletter will always be featured on the website while previous issues will still be available in the “Archives” section. If you know others, especially young people, who are users of the internet, please encourage them to visit our site. When you visit the site, you will find that there is a handy link (at the bottom of the left column) to our CGS national website as well as to the local UNA website.

We are very grateful to Jim Elliott who has served as our webmaster for many years. He recently asked us to find someone else to take over the task, and we are glad that Nikki is willing to do it for us.

CHAPTER BOARD MEETINGS ARE OPEN TO ALL

Meetings of the Board of Officers and Trustees of CGS of Greater St. Louis are open to all. Meetings are held 10:15 Saturday mornings at the World Community Center, 438 No. Skinker Blvd. St. Louis MO 63130. The meetings are almost always held on the second Saturday of the odd-numbered months (January, March, May, July, September, and November). The Partners for Global Change meet from noon until 2:00 p.m. on those same Saturdays, so bring a sack lunch.

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ACTS OF FAITH by Eboo Patel (Book review by Joy C. Guzé)

Eboo Patel is an American Muslim from India. He grew up outside Chicago, where he was subject to constant racist bullying. ACTS OF FAITH is Patel’s fascinating and inspiring story describing the sometimes rough and some- times tender experiences that led to his commit- ment to religious pluralism. He tells of the individuals, events, and institutions that influ- enced his life and thinking.

I was particularly touched by the profound part the YMCA played in the direction of his life because it similarly affected mine. He is the founder and director of Interfaith Youth Core, a growing international youth movement that should give us hope. ACTS OF FAITH is beauti- fully written by a beautiful young man.

CONTACT INFORMATION FOR LOCAL LEGISLATORS

Missouri’s Senior Senator, Senator Christopher (Kit) Bond

Washington DC office: 202/224-5721 FAX: 202/224-8149
St. Louis office: 314/725-4484
Website: http://bond.senate.gov/contact/ contactme.cfm

Missouri’s Junior Senator, Senator Claire McCaskill

Washington DC office: 202/224-6154
FAX: 202/228-6326
St. Louis office: 314/367-1364
Website: http://mccaskill.senate.gov/contact.cfm

Missouri’s First Congressional District (north city & county)
Congressman William Lacy Clay Washington DC office: 202/225-2406

St. Louis office: 314/356-1970 (city) or 314/383- 5240 (county)
Website: http://lacyclay.house.gov/contact.htm

Missouri’s Second Congressional District (west county & St.Charles) Congressman Todd Akin
Washington DC office: 202/225-2561

St. Louis office: 314/590-0029 or 636/949-6826 (St. Charles)
Website: http://akin.house.gov/contact.html

Missouri’s Third Congressional District (south city & county)
Congressman Russ Carnahan
Washington DC office: 202/225-2671

St. Louis office: 314/962-1523 Website: http://carnahan.house.gov/ contact.shtml

“The abolition of war is no longer an ethical question to be pondered solely by learned philosophers and ecclesiastics, but a hard core one for the decision of the masses whose survival is the issue. Many will tell you with mockery and ridicule that the abolition of war can only be a dream – that it is the vague imagining of a visionary. But we must go on or we will go under … We must have new thoughts, new ideas, new concepts. We must break out of the straightjacket of the past. We must have sufficient imagination and courage to translate the universal wish for peace-which is rapidly becoming a necessity-into actuality.”

-General Douglas MacArthur, July 5, 1961

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Meetings with Local Legislators

MEETING WITH MICHELE SHERROD FROM SENATOR McCASKILL’S OFFICE

(Report from Dorothy Poor of WILPF/St. Louis)

On November 28, 2007 four local peace-and- justice activists met with Michele Sherrod, Regional Director for Senator Claire McCaskill, at McCaskill’s St. Louis office at 5850 Delmar. Ron Glossop and Yvonne Logan of Citizens for Global Solutions urged support for U.S. ratification of the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The treaty is expected to be ratified by the required two-thirds vote in Senate if it is allowed to come to a vote, but a small group of anti-internationalists led by Senator Inhof (R-OK) is trying to put the issue on hold. Yvonne passed along an article for McCaskill from the Stanley Foundation about terms of the Law of the Sea Treaty and its importance.

Bill Ramsey of the Instead of War coalition empha- sized the importance of avoiding an unprovoked war on Iran. He emphasized that the state of Missouri is very involved in the war preparations currently underway: Boeing in St. Charles is helping build the massive penetrator bombs, and it is at Whitemen Air Force Base near Sedalia that B-52s are being retrofitted to carry these 30,000-pound bombs. Ships in the Persian Gulf have received twice the normal amount of fuel this month, and the Pentagon has been told to prepare for action. He gave Ms. Sherrod a card the War Resisters’ League is distributing which asks antiwar citizens to withhold taxes in case an attack is launched on Iran.

Speaking for WILPF, Dorothy Poor told Ms. Sherrod that Senator McCaskill and other members of Congress will need to “light a fire” under the Bush administration to replace rhetoric with meaningful action toward a settlement of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. She passed on a copy of the letter sent to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice by the U.S. section of WILPF which contains suggestions for guidelines as the talks progress. Because of the high level of financial and other support the U.S. has given Israel over the years, including military weapons, the U.S. is involved in the heart of the conflict and must resolve to assist in its termination.

MEETING WITH PEGGY BARNHART FROM SENATOR BOND’S OFFICE

(report from Yvonne Logan, Chair of our Partners for Global Change)

On December 7, 2007 representatives from several local peace-and-justice organizations met at the World Community Center with Peggy Barnhart, Community Liaison for Senator Christopher Bond. Dorothy Poor passed on a copy of a letter sent to Condoleezza Rice from national WILPF concerning Israel and Palestine, asking for commitment to progress. Bill Ramsey of INSTEAD OF WAR asked for a response to a letter detailing Boeing’s manufacture of 30,000-pound bombs to be carried by retrofitted B-52s, their only possible use being penetration of underground facilities alleged to be secretly producing nuclear weapons in Iran. Chares Kindelberger of Peace Economy Project asked for a steep reduction in the “military-industrial- congressional” budget.

Ava Jordan of WILPF argued against the assump- tion that Jews in the U.S. do not support a peace plan for Israel. Marilyn Lorenz of the Interfaith Committee on Latin America spoke for a freer flow of legal immigrants and against U.S. support for Colombia’s military forces. Ron Glossop of Citizens for Global Solutions urged greater U.S. air support for the U.N. peacekeeping operation in Darfur and creation of a UN Emergency Peace Force (UNEPS) that would be able to react more quickly in crisis situations. Yvonne Logan emphasized the need for greater U.S. financial support both for U.N. peacekeeping and for the U.N. regular budget. Rita Mauchenheimer of the American Friends Service Committee asked for support of Senate Bill 66, the Jubilee Act on debt forgiveness for poor countries, many of which are in Africa. She also gave Ms. Barnhart many signed cards regarding Darfur for Senator Bond.

These meetings with our local Congressional representatives are arranged by Yvonne Logan, Chair of our local chapter of CGS Partners for Global Change. If you would like to participate in such meetings, contact Yvonne Logan at the World Community Center, 314/862-5735 or Ron Glossop at 314/869-2303.

POLITICALGLOBALIZATION: A NEW VISION OF FEDERAL WORLD GOVERNMENT

By James A. Yunker
[Lanham MD 20706: University Press of America, Inc., 2007] (Book review by Ronald J. Glossop—January 17, 2008)

This book aims to be a wake-up call both to world federalists and non-world federalists. To world federalists the message is: adjust the details of your objective so that you can overcome the obstacles that stand in the way of achieving your goal. To the non-world federalists the message is: the world community needs a world government just as local and national communities do, and global problems such as ever-more-destructive wars, the spread of nuclear weapons, the deteriora- tion of the environment, and the growing gap between rich and poor need to be addressed by a real government with a legislature, police forces, and the power to tax rather than the governance system which now exists.

Professor Yunker’s proposed solutions are the same as he put forth in his earlier book, RETHINK- ING WORLD GOVERNMENT, namely, that the world community very much needs (1) a limited but real world federation, a Federal Union of Democratic Nations [FUDN] to resolve conflicts non-violently and without military threats as well as to deal with other community problems just as is routinely done within most nations and (2) a systematic plan (a World Economic Equalization Program [WEEP] or global Marshall Plan) to gradually equalize the economic status of people in all countries. He also repeats the view that propo- nents of world government must consider why their view is so readily dismissed by most people and modify their proposal in order to overcome these objections.

The main two reasons for opposition to the creation of a world government are: (1) the fear that such an all-powerful global government could become a worldwide tyranny from which there is no escape and (2) the fear that a democratic world government controlled by the majority poor of the world would use its power to require what Yunker calls “Crude Redistribution” of the world’s wealth

in order to get more equality. To nullify these fears, Yunker proposes that the world federation to be created (a) would allow participating nations to maintain whatever kind of military force they wish (including having nuclear weapons) and (b) would allow nations to leave the federation at any time without penalty. Additionally, in the world legisla- ture there would be (c) a dual voting system. Separate votes would be taken on a material basis (where the number of votes a country has depends on its wealth) and on a population basis (where the number of votes a country has depends on its population. This system means that no measure could be adopted that doesn’t have the support of the rich countries, but also that no measure could be adopted that doesn’t have the support of the poor countries. Yunker believes that such a limited world government would dispel the fears which now cause opposition to a world government in the rich coun- tries. It would also address the fears in poor countries that a world government would be a way for the rich countries to maintain and even solidify their control over the poorer, weaker countries.

The other part of his proposal is the program— described and persuasively argued for in chapters 4, 5, and 6—to gradually decrease the gap between the rich and the poor. Yunker, an economics professor at Western Illinois University, uses computer simulations to show that there is good reason to believe that over several decades the economic situation in poor countries could be substantially improved while economic growth would be slowed only slightly in rich countries. He emphasizes that both the establishment of a world government and WEEP should be viewed as experi- mental efforts which would be ended if it became apparent that they were not achieving their goals.

Yunker’s argumentation for his WEEP is much more persuasive than his argumentation for world government; although he is eager to show that both are needed and that they are somewhat dependent on one another. His basic argument for world federation is that the world community has been gradually moving toward more cooperation for a long time (pp. 297-301 and 307-325) and concern about national sovereignty has been declining (p. 287). The fact that the transformative move to world government has not yet been made does not show that it can’t or shouldn’t be made. Yunker displays a readiness to discuss the weaknesses in his argument for world federation, admitting that the world has not had many successful experiences of creating federations out of previously existing nation-states and that in a fair number of cases federations have disintegrated (pp. 289-296). But, he argues, if government is a good thing at the local level, the national level, and the regional level, why would it not be a good thing at the global level? (p. 335)

Yunker’s book is full of repetitions. He admits this (p. 337), but says that it is necessary to “break through the encrusted prejudice against world government” (p. 337) which has come about because of the unlimited character of the world government put forth by its previous proponents. What is needed to counter this prejudice is the recognition that the more limited kind of world government being proposed by Yunker will not arouse the fears fed by the traditional views of what a world government would be. People will see that it is possible to have the benefits of world govern- ment without arousing such fears.

But there are questions that need to be ad- dressed. Probably the most obvious one is how the Federal Union of Democratic Nations (FUDN) is any more of a government than the League of Nations or the existing United Nations. Yunker criticizes these confederal organizations for their ineffectiveness, which he blames on their not having their own military forces, their not being able to levy taxes, and their officials being ap- pointed by the national governments rather than being elected. (p. 309) But in his proposed FUDN the national governments will be allowed to main-

tain their own military forces, even with nuclear weapons, and would be free to leave the union whenever they wanted, which they would be likely to do if the FUDN ever decided to use military force. Consequently, the military forces of the FUDN are likely to be virtually powerless against the more powerful nations. How would the FUDN be any less helpless than the League of Nations was? The FUDN might be able to levy taxes, but its financial resources would probably be very limited compared to those of larger, richer national governments. With regard to the election of FUDN officials, Yunker does not seem to appreciate how difficult that would be to carry out. Could laws about exactly who could vote, how much money could be spent on campaigning, and so on be enforced throughout the whole world?

The United Nations has coercive power when the Security Council approves a given course of action. Military force can be used against nations that attack other nations or that refuse to abide by Security Council resolutions. It is true that the permanent five have a veto, so no action can be taken against them or other nations which they support. But would the situation be any different with the FUDN as long as the individual powerful national governments are allowed to keep their military forces and nuclear weapons?

Yunker, as is so often the case with proposers of world government, fails to deal with the question of how we proceed from where we are now to the desired goal. How might the move toward the FUDN get started? Might the UN General Assem- bly call a conference to address the issue? Might NATO members or the European Union or some particular national governments (e.g. Australia, Brazil, Canada) take the lead in calling a confer- ence to consider the proposal? Could anything be done if the government of the United States of America were opposed? Maybe Yunker thinks that his proposal is the kind that the U.S. government could support, but unfortunately it is not easy to find a way to persuade those with great power to share their power (or their wealth) with others.

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“THINKING AHEAD” – END THE SCOURGE OF WAR

Sunday, Feb. 3, 2:30 p.m. At the Ethical Society of St. Louis, 9001 Clayton Road, St. Louis MO 63117.

This meeting of the Citizens for Global Solutions of Greater St. Louis is free and open to the public. See and hear a talk by Tad Daley, Ph.D., Writing Fellow, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, given originally October 27, 2007 at the CGS 2007 National Convention, Minneapolis, MN and made available to us by DVD. Tad strongly and forthrightly encour- ages the organization to go back to its roots, “Our singular ultimate long term goal is enduring world piece through enforceable world law, an end to the scourge of war

forever, and something we could truly call a United Earth. . . . Our highest loyalty is our universal loyalty. . . . Allegiance to our nation must be transcended by allegiance to all humanity, to one world.” He thinks we can do this in the next 50 years.

The meeting will be held in the Hanke Room on the lower level. Park in the parking lot behind (north of) the building. As you approach the building from the lot, use the door on the right (west). As soon as you enter, the Hanke Room is on the right. There will be ample time for discussion after the speech.

If you have any questions, call Ron Glossop at 314/869- 2303.

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