Addressing Challenges Facing Spaceship Earth
Sunday, October 16, 2016 – 3:00-7:00
Ethical Society of St. Louis, 9001 Clayton Road, 63117
—You are invited to participate in general sessions and two topical discussion—
C. Dale Walton, keynote speaker
“The Nation and the World in the Twenty-First Century:
Transnational Elites, Technocracy, and the Future of
Democracy and Globalization”
In both Europe and the United States, 2016 has been a year of political upheaval in which the political status quo has been challenged by frustrated voters unwilling to accept “more of the same.” While the issues driving this upheaval vary somewhat from country to country, it is clear that voters in numerous affluent, democratic countries feel deeply estranged from their own governmental, economic, and cultural elites. This talk will discuss why this rift has developed and how it relates the tensions between globalization and democratic governance.
Dr. Walton has published three books to date: Grand Strategy and the Presidency: Foreign Policy, War and the American Role in the World; Geopolitics and the Great Powers in the Twenty-first Century; and The Myth of Inevitable U.S. Defeat in Vietnam. Prior to coming to Lindenwood University in summer 2012, Dr. Walton served as a Lecturer in International Relations and Strategic Studies at the University of Reading in England and Missouri State University’s Defense and Strategic Studies Department (located in Fairfax, Virginia).
His research interests include strategic relationships and security problems in Asia, geopolitics and the changing geostrategic environment, and U.S. military strategic history. In addition to his three books, he has published more than 75 book chapters, articles and reviews.
Presenters and discussion session leaders
Brian Arendt will propose what the rest of the world should do with regard to China in the future. This session will cover the role of China in world organizations today, its overall foreign policy and international relations. Topics to discuss include:
· In what ways may China be persuaded to take a positive role in maintaining world peace?
· To what extent might China help create opportunities for UN reform?
· How may people in the U.S. further better relations with China?
Cassandra Butler will discuss how to protect human rights as they are related to poverty and discrimination for “left out” peoples in both richer and poorer countries. Economic disparities are growing more divisive in 21st century societies. Not only do they put pressure on poor and middleclass people, they also challenge governments to meet the economic needs of their citizens. Human rights are often compromised by these pressures.
Donald Heidenreich will address international aspects of the coming U.S. presidential and Congressional elections. He will be discussing how the various scenarios for the 2016 election could affect US foreign policy and how various world partners might react to each of those outcomes.
Robert Reinhold will focus on the Tobin Taz, a proposed international tax on all currency transactions, named after James Tobin, a notable economist. He proposed the tax in 1972 when changes were made in international currency agreements. The primary purpose of a Tobin Tax is to discourage flash computer trades and other quick trades that destabilize currencies. The secondary purpose, proposed by some, is to finance international organizations such as the U.N. The way it works: Every time a currency exchange occurs a small tax is imposed.
Admission is free of charge. A pizza supper will be served—suggested donation $10 per person.
“Create a Democratic World Federation to Outlaw War”
Last week President Obama visited Hiroshima, and on Monday we honored those who have served in the military and lost their lives in wars. The best way that we can honor the past victims of war is to outlaw not only the weapons of war but war itself.
International conflicts and global problems will always exist, but they can be solved in nonviolent ways through the rule of law. In addition to local, state, and national governments that create and maintain various degrees of peace and order within their borders, we need to create a democratic world federation of nations that would be able to outlaw war, weapons of mass destruction,
genocide, and terrorism as well as solve our many global problems. If a democratic world parliament would create such laws, then individual dictators, terrorists, and others who violate world laws could be arrested by world police, prosecuted by world courts, and held in world prisons.
Nuclear weapons and military weapons are believed to be necessary by national leaders because we still live under a war system. The United Nations has been very successful in dealing with some global problems, but it is unable to eliminate the war system because it is a confederacy of national governments that is based on the unlimited sovereignty of nation-states and on a system of treaties between national governments. Transforming this international confederacy into a democratic world federation is the only way to eliminate wars and the extremely destructive weapons of war.
David C. Oughton, Fenton, Missouri
St. Louis Post-Dispatch, June1, 2016
— A MESSAGE FROM THE NATIONAL CGS ORGANIZATION (MAY 19, 2016)—
A NEW DIRECTION FOR OUR ORGANIZATION
Dear Citizens for Global Solutions friends, members, and supporters,
The boards of Citizens for Global Solutions are excited to announce a new direction for the organizations–one that reflects our current resource capacities and some difficult but realistic decisions by our volunteer leadership.
Opportunities lie ahead of us, and we feel these changes will allow us to take advantage of them.
Earlier this month, the boards agreed to transition to a volunteer-run association. Our current staff is moving on to new opportunities.. Over the next year our boards and trustees will oversee renovation of our national offices into housing for young interns.
We are maintaining our issue-driven website and social media, our advocacy and educational efforts, and our commitment to donors and activists.
We will leverage our new partnership with the Commission on Global Security, Justice and Governance in support of several urgently needed global reforms, and several chapters will participate again in the Global Week of Action this October.
Nationally and locally, our activists will continue educating and advocating for solutions to climate change, mass atrocities, and nuclear proliferation. As always, these efforts come together to ensure our goal of a democratically governed world, which remains an inspiring vision for many.
The new approach will engage our leadership around the country and revitalize our local chapters. During this time, CGS will build upon the strategy adopted last year that seeks to ensure long-term success. As appropriate, CGS will also work with professional consultants to assist us as we continue much of our grassroots mobilization to “build political will in the United States for international cooperation and democratic global institutions that establish peace, juice and sustainability under the rule of law.”
We look forward to your continued support for our engagement on the most important global challenges for our country and our world. If you have any questions. please reach out to us personally on social media or via email.
Larry M. David, Donna Park
Incoming Chair, Incoming Chair,
Citizens for Global Citizens for Global
Solutions Education Fund Solutions Action Network
CITIZENS FOR GLOBAL SOLUTIONS of ST. LOUIS 2016 Annual Meeting
The 2016 annual meeting of CGS/STL was held at 3:00 p.m. Sunday, May 15, a t the Ethical Society of St . Louis , 9001 Clayton Road, St. Louis MO 63117. The informal opening reception with 39 persons in attendance continued until 3:35 p.m.
Invited speaker Sovaida Ma’ani Ewing, Founding Director of the Center for Peace and Global Governance (CPGG), Washington D.C., then presented her lecture on “Building a World Federation: An Idea Whose Time Has Come.”
The present situation of humanity as a whole is analogous to the shaky adolescence of an individual human. We are in a phase which won’t last, but we need to get to the other side. We all need to develop a greater allegiance to the global community but still maintain some patriotism to our national communities. We in this country aren’t aware of how much poverty and suffering exists in most of the world. Everyone needs success to be happy. The global community needs more equality. Our global crises are ways of equalizing things. Even creation of the U.S. federation was due in part to the poverty in the colonies after the Revolutionary War. People knew they had to work together. That was an important factor in the move from confederation to federation.
Seated: Joe and Yvonne Logan. Front row, from left:: Sovaida Ma’ani Ewing*, Lynn Dornfeld*, Ron Glossop, Alice Geary Sgroi, Rosario Rena Ciaramitaro-Arendt, Brian Arendt, Allison Reilly, and Joyce Olinga.* Second row: Sister Carla Mae Streeter, Dr. Billie Mayo*, Terry Gates, Jeannette Thompson*, Shadmand Kalayeh*, Bob Schutzius, Bob Reinhold, Cassandra Butler*, and Dave Oughton. The Baha’is are indicated by asterisks, including Cassandra Butler, a member of the CGS/STL board of directors. Both photos in this article are by Joyce Olinga
Now the world needs to move from the UN confederation to a world federation where the sovereignty of nations is limited. The U.S. is but one model. The European Union hasn’t succeeded because the European Parliament lacks the power to tax individuals. A world federation also needs a world executive, a world court, an international peace force, and adoption of the principle that secession is not permitted. Collective security should be used along with the principle that every nation must limit its military forces. The veto power in the UN Security Council must be ended. The unanimous adoption in 2006 of the UN’s Responsibility to Protect principle shows that progress is possible.
Nevertheless the world community is now in crisis. The U.S. has decided that it can’t afford to police the world. Genocides and human trafficking continue. Climate change is not being halted. People everywhere are getting depressed and are worried. We can’t afford the paralysis. We are running out of time. We have collective problems. Humanity needs collective decision-making institutions. We need a world federation.
The annual business meeting began at 4:55 p.m. The minutes of the 2015 meeting were approved. That meeting included the talk about the International Criminal Court by Jelena Pia-Comella, Deputy Director of the World Federalist Movement-Institute for Global Policy & the NGO Coalition for the ICC. Chair Ron Glossop then reviewed our 2015-2016 activities including sending 2 essay contest winners to the October 9-10, 2015 “Creating a Workable World” conference in Minneapolis and the hosting of a workshop “Addressing Challenges Facing Spaceship Earth” later that month where the featured speaker was Dr. Leila Sadat of Washington University’s Harris World Law Institute. Ron also reported on the activities of CGS/STL Officers, the publication of 5 newsletters, and the holding of 5 board meetings. Treasurer Dave Oughton reported that the current checkbook balance is $3,833.83 and our CD is now worth $10,559.89. Membership Secretary Terry Gates reported that we have 42 members. Brian Arendt, Chair of the Nominating Committee, presented the slate of Officers and Directors for 2016-2017: Chair- Ron Glossop; Vice-Chair- Brian Arendt; Treasurer and Membership Secretary- Dave Oughton; Recording Secretary- Rosario Rena Ciaramitaro; for Directors- Cassandra Butler, Hasmik Chakaryan, Terry Gates, Kyerra Johnson-Massey, Yvonne Logan, Bob Reinhold, & Grant Williams. This slate of nominees was elected unanimously, and the proposed budget of $3,200 for the coming fiscal year was adopted unanimously. We then had our turkey dinner catered by Diner’s Delight.
JULY 17 IS INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE DAY
Since the year 2010, July 17 has been celebrated throughout the world as International Justice Day (IJD). It is also referred to as World Day for International Justice or Day of Criminal Justice. The celebration is part of an effort to recognize the emerging system of international criminal justice where individuals, especially military and political leaders, can be held accountable for violating international law.
Why this date? Because on July 17, 1998 the UN-sponsored Rome Conference adopted the Rome Statute establishing the International Criminal Court (ICC), the first permanent international criminal court which can try and prosecute individuals for violating international law concerning laws of war, genocide, and crimes against humanity. It was inspired by the Nuremberg and Tokyo Trials of individuals after World War II, and it was designed to be a permanent court to replace the two prior temporary tribunals established by the UN Security Council to try individuals for crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia and then in Rwanda.
One must distinguish the ICC from the International Court of Justice (ICJ) or World Court which was established at the end of World War II to replace the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ) established at the end of World War I. The ICJ, like the PCIJ before it, can deal only with cases involving disputes between national governments.
The three kinds of crimes over which the ICC has jurisdiction are genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity as described in the Rome Statute. Cases can go to the ICC in three different ways. (1) The UN Security Council can recommend that the ICC investigate and take action in particular situations. (2) A national government which has ratified the Rome Statute can request the assistance of the ICC to deal with the relevant crimes committed on its territory. (3) The ICC Prosecutor can initiate procedures to investigate and try individuals who are accused of the crimes over which the ICC has jurisdiction. The ICC cannot take action if the case is already being tried fairly by national courts.
Conflicts in Iraq, Syria, Eritrea, Nigeria, and Palestine/Israel have aroused interest in having the ICC take action on the atrocities taking place in those conflicts. In recent years the Court’s performance has been improving. It is now nearly working at full capacity in its new, purpose-built buildings in The Hague. It already has three convictions, and they will soon be joined by two more in the Bemba and Ongwen cases.
The Court has attracted favorable comment and press coverage in the United States for its convictions in cases involving recruitment of child soldiers, sexual violence (including rape as a weapon and tactic in armed conflict) and the deliberate destruction of religious, cultural, and historic buildings and sites as in the al Faqi case.
Information about these cases and other aspects of the Court’s current activity is available on the ICC’s web site <https://www.icc-cpi.int/>.
Reminder: Time to renew your membership in CGS of Greater St. Louis
We value your membership in Citizens for Global Solutions of Greater St. Louis. The expiration date for your membership is at the top of the address label on your newsletter. Life members will see “XOXOXO.” For 2016 members, it will say “31 Jan 2017,” which means that you will get the Winter 2017 issue even if you have not yet renewed for 2017. If the expiration date is past, we are hoping that you will soon renew your membership. If there is no expiration date of any kind on the label, you are receiving a free copy with the hope that the information will be of interest to you.
Membership guarantees that you will continue to ge our quarterly newsletter GLOBAL SOLUTIONS NEWS which keeps you informed about our local activities and provides articles of interest to our members. We encourage you to participate in our events where you will be informed by experts about global issues and global solutions and will have a chance to share your views with them. Our fall workshop will be October 16 (See Page 1).
Memberships in our local CGS organization and the national CGS organization are separate matters. Membership in the national Citizens for Global Solutions costs an additional $25 per year. You can decide how much of your national membership dues goes to the educational CGS Education Fund and how much goes to the political CGS Action Network, which also is the home for our GS Political Action Committee which endorses and supports candidates for Congress. Contributions to CGS-AN are not tax- deductible. You can join the national CGS at the website <http://globalsolutions.org> or by sending a check and your name and address to: Citizens for Global Solutions, 420 Seventh Street SE, Washington DC 20003.
Our local CGS of Greater St. Louis publishes a quarterly newslettter and arranges local programs. Annual local membership dues are $25 ($10 for students). Members and other contributors receive our quarterly newsletters and have voting rights at the annual meeting. Please also consider an additional contribution to assist us in our work. Life membership is awarded for a donation of $500 or more.
Make checks payable to “Citizens for Global Solutions/ St. Louis” and send them along with the membership blank below to David Oughton, 1130 Big Sky Drive, Fenton MO 63026. Both dues and additional contributions are tax deductible because CGS of Greater St. Louis is a 501(c)(3) educational, non- political membership organization. Thanks for your support.
Ron Glossop, Chair
CITIZENS FOR GLOBAL SOLUTIONS OF ST. LOUIS CHAPTER LEADERS
Each year in April or May we have our annual meeting where we elect our Officers and Directors for the following year. The chapter leaders for 2015-2016 are:
CHAIR: Ronald Glossop,
VICE-CHAIR: Brian Arendt
TREASURER: David Oughton,
MEMBERSHIP SECRETARY: David Oughton
RECORDING SECRETARY: Rosario Rena Ciaramitaro
DIRECTORS: Cassandra Butler, Hasmik Chakaryan, Terry Gates, Kyerra Johnson-Murray, Yvonne Logan, Bob Reinhold and Grant Williams.
Others who are important to our work are:
NEWSLETTER LAYOUT EDITOR Marideth Sisco.
NEWSLETTER PRINTER The Ink Spot, 3433 Hampton Ave., St. Louis MO 63139.
Our board meets every other month at the World Community Center, 438 No. Skinker, whose manager is Darrick Smith.
Sunday, August 7, 5:30 p.m. – Annual Hiroshima-Nagasaki Memorial at Ethical Society of St. Louis, 9001 Clayton Road. Park in back and enter for meeting on lower level. Pot-luck dinner starts at 6:00. The 7:00 program is on “The Lingering Effects of the Atomic Bomb on St. Louis” with presenters Kay Drey; Laura E. Barrett, MSW; and Karen Nickel. Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) is the main sponsor while CGS of St. Louis; Peace Economy Project; Center for Health, Environment and Justice; and Just Moms are co-sponsors. For more info, call Joan Brannigan at 314-997-7698.
Saturday, September 10, 10:15 a.m. – CGS/STL Board of Officers & Directors meets at World Community Center, 438 No. Skinker, 63130. The meeting is open to all.
Sunday, October 16, 3:00-7:00 p.m. – “Addressing Challenges Facing Spaceship Earth” at Ethical Society of St. Louis, 9001 Clayton Road. Park in back and enter for meeting on lower level. See announcement on front page for more details.