Summer 2013

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College & high-school students and anyone 18-30 years old.
Enter this contest for an all-expenses-paid trip to attend a citizens meeting on global issues in New York City.
“HOW CAN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
DEAL WITH OUR GLOBAL PROBLEMS?”
JULY 23-27, 2 0 1 3

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JOIN OTHER CITIZENS FROM THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER COUNTRIES TO LEARN ABOUT AND DISCUSS ISSUES SUCH AS THE WORK OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT AND EFFORTS TO IMPLEMENT THE RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT PRINCIPLE WHICH HAS BEEN ADOPTED BY THE UNITED NATIONS.

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Citizens for Global Solutions (CGS) of Greater St. Louis will pay for transportation, registration, meals, & lodging for anyone aged 18 to 30 at the time of this conference to participate in this citizens meeting of the international World Federalist Movement-Institute for Global Problems plus GlobalSolutions.org at Hofstra University, Long Island near New York City.

The conference begins at 9:00 a.m. on Wednesday, July 24, so you should be able to leave from the St. Louis airport Tuesday afternoon. The conference will end Friday, July 26 at 5:00 p.m., so you should be back to the St. Louis airport that evening or Saturday morning. Getting to and from the St. Louis airport is your responsibility.

If you want to be a contestant for this all-expenses-paid trip, write a 3-5 page printed essay (double-spaced) consisting of 2 parts. In the first part tell us about your background and accomplishments. Why would you be a good person for us to send to this meeting? In the second part share with us your thinking about one or more of the problems our world community faces and how we and our government could deal with them more effectively.

In exchange for this subsidy, CGS of St. Louis expects you to give us a brief written report about the conference & what you learned from it. (This gets published in our local newsletter.)

Send your essay to:
Ronald J. Glossop, 8894 Berkay Avenue, Jennings, MO 63136-5004
or preferably by e-mail to: <rglossop@mindspring.com>.
Be sure to include your home address and home telephone number.
For more information, call (314) 869-2303.
Deadline: Noon Monday, July 1,2013. Winner(s) will be notified by July 3, 2013.

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CDWG TO AWARD $1,500.00 SCHOLARSHIP

The Coalition for Democratic World Government (CDWG) would like to
announce the creation of a new scholarship program. The scholarship will be known as the Philip Isely /John Ewbank Memorial Scholarship.
The awards will be open to all university, college and junior college students who are studying at an accredited college or university, or will be enrolled by the beginning of the 2013 academic year.

These scholarships will be awarded on the basis of essays submitted to the judging committee. Essays will be judged on their originality, organization and persuasive ability. Essays should be written in English, not more than 2,500 words in length, double spaced and should be written according to commonly accepted academic standards for manuscript format and citations.

Essays must be submitted before the deadline of July 31, 2013. Essays may be sent either electronically to: rglossop@mindspring.com or in printed form via regular mail to:CDWG Isely-Ewbank Scholarship Committee, Berkay Avenue, Jennings MO 63136-5004. Essays should be accompanied by a cover letter containing current contact information, including the school the applicant is or will be attending.

The Essays shall be written on the following subject: “Describe concrete, practical
steps which should be taken to move humanity beyond narrow nationalistic
concerns and to establish a democratic global commonwealth to implement the rule of law at the world level, to preserve the planet, and to promote peace, freedom, and equality of opportunity for everyone.”

The two best essays will be awarded scholarships of $1,500 and $750. All decisions of the judges are final. The winning essays will be published in their entirety in future issues of UNITED WORLD/CDWG News and Views, after which all rights will revert to the authors. Additional publication opportunities may be available.

Some words of advice:
1. We are after serious proposals; we do not want a lot of vague and fluffy comments like, “Everyone should learn to live together in peace and harmony.”

2. Any statements of facts should be backed up with citations and hard evidence.

3. The practical applicability of all the steps suggested will be taken into
consideration.

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GOOD NEWS ABOUT THE U.S. & THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT (ICC)
Excerpted from the report of John
Washburn at AMICC (American Non-
Governmental Organizations Coalition
for the ICC) <http://www.amicc.org&gt;

The United States and the ICC. An April 2 article by Marlise Simons in
the New York Times described the improving relationship between the
United States and the ICC. Other similar articles appeared in Foreign
Affairs, numerous blogs, and major newspapers . . . after Bosco Ntaganda
surrendered to the US embassy in Rwanda and asked for help in going to
the ICC. The . . . important part of the U.S. in transferring him to the Court
demonstrated a high point in the growing closeness of the ICC and the
U.S. . . . marked both by administration actions and statements, and by very
welcome actions in Congress. . . . [W]e have had several bills and resolutions in
Congress over the last six months calling for greater U.S. action against
atrocity criminals. Most of these have included language which conveyed
endorsement of the work of the ICC.

These measures have had important conservative support through
sponsorships and votes. Then, in January, Congress passed a
bill expanding an existing program of rewards to successful assistance in
arresting international criminals so as to include arrests of persons under
warrants from international criminal courts including the ICC. . . .

Meanwhile, administration statements and actions have . . . provided a clear
general picture of an evolved and extensive U.S. involvement with the
Court. Statements and actions by Ambassador for Global Criminal Justice
Stephen Rapp and recently departed State Department Legal Adviser Harold
Koh have affirmed in detail the importance of the ICC to the U.S. and
the willingness of the U.S. to give the Court support in kind including
information, sanitized intelligence, regular consultations and expertise. . . .

Meanwhile, the U.S. has continued to help develop and vote for UN Security
Council resolutions that commend the ICC and call for cooperation with it.. . .
Thus, in both Congress and the administration there have been parallel
evolutions toward limited, fragile, tentative, but clearly perceptible,
approval of the overall work of the ICC. These circumstances call for action on
several tasks which are set by our strategy. The first of these is
reactivation of the US signature of the Rome Statute. . . . Reactivation of the
signature and thus resumption of obligations to respect the purposes and
operations of the Court requires only a note by an appropriate official of the
administration to the UN Secretary General reactivating the signature . No
action is necessary by Congress.

Current AMICC activities. At the Court we continue to follow closely
developments and issues that directly affect our U.S. advocacy. To do this we
take full advantage of the excellent reporting by the international NGO
Coalition for the ICC (CICC), use our memberships in teams of NGOs created
by the CICC to deal with specific aspects of and issues at the ICC, and
regularly attend ICC meetings. To make sure we can eliminate, or respond
effectively to, claims by American opponents of the Court, AMICC is an active member of teams concerned with due process, enforcement of Court orders and warrants, improvement of prosecutorial activities and trials, adequate human and financial resources for the Court, and strengthening the capacity of the Assembly of States(ASP) to carry out its responsibilities under the Rome Statute to oversee all aspects of the Court. . . .

The CICC has succeeded in inducing the Assembly of States Parties (ASP) composed of countries which have ratified the Rome Statute to establish a committee of distinguished experts to vet candidates for ICC judgeships.

Some problems at the Court especially concern us. The ASP has imposed severe budget cuts on the ICC. In consequence, there is a real possibility that the Court will not be able to carry out effectively its responsibilities under the Rome Statute. . . . We believe that current ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda is beginning to deal with this failing effectively.

In the United States, an important advance has been the revitalization and solid expansion of the Washington Working Group on the ICC (WICC) under a new host, Baha’is of the United States and its dynamic Human Rights Officer, Naseem Kourosh. She and I are the co-chairs of the WICC. Our active membership has expanded to include the Washington offices of major NGOs.

AMICC has extensively revamped our website and expanded our use of blogs and social media. John Washburn has done extensive speaking in New York, Philadelphia and Washington and will speak . . . around Los Angeles in late May.

Matthew Heaphy, AMICC’s former Deputy Convener, will now be moving out of New York. . . . Matthew’s work to create the experts’ panel on judicial nominations was indispensable to the CICC; he managed our Internet and social media operations and was at the center of our relations with the ICC and its senior officials. . . .

AMICC has been a program of the Institute for the Study of Human Rights at Columbia University since November of 2011. . . . We work closely with Director Elazar Barkan and Associate Director Yasmine Ergas. . . .

AMICC’s Next Steps. Operationally, AMICC is very active. We will use volunteers to cover the basic functions of the Deputy Convener position. . . . In Washington with the WICC, we will asses the full potential of the early apparent openness to the WICC of a
number of Congressional conservatives. We have already arranged for meetings with administration officials to determine the possibilities for the reactivation of the US signature of the Rome Statute. Institutionally, the top priority is fundraising to support AMICC’s ability to carry out its strategy in the time ahead.

With all good wishes,

John Washburn, Convener for AMICC, a program of the Columbia University Institute for the Study of Human Rights. You can make a contribution at <https://giving.columbia.edu/giveonline/?schoolstyle=69199&gt;

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A GLOBAL PARLIAMENT:
PRINCIPLES OF WORLD FEDERATION
by Christopher Hamer
[Oyster Bay, NSW, Australia, 1998,
ISBN 0 646 35530 9]
(Book review by Ronald J. Glossop–
June 2, 2013)

Christopher Hamer’s A GLOBAL PARLIAMENT is the outgrowth of his university-level general education course on the topic of world federalism. Hamer is retired professor of physics at the University of New South Wales. Like Albert Einstein, he is convinced that a world with nuclear weapons requires a world federation to survive. In addition to his research work in physics, he is an activist doing what he can to educate and motivate others to understand the principes of world federalism and to act to implement them.

This book can serve as a “Bible” for any world federalist. In the first chapter he argues persuasively that nuclear weapons mean that we must have peace and disarmament to survive, that the peaceful settlement of disputes requires a system of international law, and that that is possible only with a world federation. Many global problems other than war and nukes also need to be addressed, and the UN, not being a world government, can’t guarantee peace or the effective action which these other global problems require.

The second chapter gives “Some Snippets of History” on the beginnings and progress of the world federalist movement. The third chapter explains the UN & its shortcomings, how efforts to reform it have failed, and why they will continue to fail. The fourth chapter focuses on the development of the European Union while noting the problems here that will face the creation of a world federation such as giving up some national sovereignty. He explains strengths and weakneses of different theoretical approaches to integration such as “the functionalist approach,” “the federalist approach,” and “the neofunctonalist approach.” He then summarizes the lessons to be learned from the European effort.

In the fifth chapter Hamer summarizes and explains the basic principles of any world federation: democracy, universality, rule of law, subsidiarity, human rights, solidarity, participation, equity, and fliexibility. On the important issue of the priority of the first two principles Hamer argues that the principle of democracy should take priority over the principle of universality. He says that the UN’s “greatest defect, and its greatest source o f we a k n e s s ” i s t h a t i t g i v e s universality (include all nations) priority over democracy.

Probably Hamer’s sixth chapter “Problems and Objections” will be most useful for world federalists. He insightfully and in great detail discusses the challenges facing advocates of world federation. He provides the reader with specific references to where these challenges are stated and to where good responses can be found. Hamer optimistically points to the increasing integration of the world since the end of the Cold War while also noting that the suc c e s s ful c r eat i on o f the European Union provides world federalists with two important tactical lessons to follow, that international integration should be gradual and evolutionary and that membership in the projected integrated organization should be limited to democratic nation-states.

In the seventh chapter titled “How Do We Get There From Here?” Hamer addresses one of the most challenging issues for world federalists today. He masterfully discusses the options of reforming the UN, enlarging the European Union, the functional approach, the regional approach, the evolutionary approach, a World Peace-Keeping Association, and lastly the NATO option (which he favors). Besides arguing persuasively for this NATO (plus OECD) option, Hamer is also actively involved in efforts to implement it.

This book is thoroughly referenced and has an excellent bibliography and index. Every serious world federalist should pos s e s s a copy of thi s informative “Bible.”

Christopher Hamer is an Associate
Professor of Theoretical Physics at the
University of New South Wales. He is Editor of
The Australian and New Zealand Physicist and
President of the World Citizens Association of
Australia, and he has been active in the
campaign against nuclear weapons.
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AVOID CONFRONTATION WITH RUSSIA OVER ITS ALLY SYRIA
(reprinted from ST. LOUIS TODAY)

There is unfortunately precious little news about Russia’s relation to Syria. Syria
has been Russia’s most important ally in the Middle East.

Don’t forget that Russia is the second-most powerful nuclear player in the world.

President Bashar Assad is a ruthless dictator, but not the only one in that region or
the world. Noble humanitarian sentiments call for his removal, especially if it is
proven he used chemical weapons. But at what price?

It is of the utmost urgency that the United States stay out of it, except to provide
humanitarian aid or nonlethal diplomatic guidance to provide a reasonable solution, especially for Russia. The U.S. peace movement must mobilize to assure American forbearance, for we must not have a head-to-head U.S. to Russia confrontation. I don’t support peace at any price, but destruction of all humanity must not be the bargain we casually risk. Don’t forget 1914, because today the military toys are much more dangerous.

– Robert Reinhold

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COMING EVENTS

Wednesday, July 24 though Friday, July 27 – International conference of the World Federalist Movement plus annual meeting of the national GlobalSolutions.org at Hofstra University on Long Island, New York. For details, go to the WFM-IGP website at <http://wfm-igp.org&gt; or send e-mail to <allison@wfm-igp.org> or contact Ron Glossop at 314/869-2303. Our expectation is that two of our contest winners will be attending (see essay contest announcement on page 1) accompanied by Ron Glossop and Dave Oughton.

Sunday, August 4, 5:00 p.m. Ethical Society of St. Louis – WILPF’s annual remembrance of Hiroshima and Nagasaki with potluck dinner. For more information, contact Mary Jane Schutzius at <mjschutz@prodigy.net> or 314/837-0678.

Saturday, September 14, 10:15 a.m. – CGS/STL Board of Officers & Directors meets at the World Community Center, 438 No. Skinker, 63130. The meeting is open to all. At noon we may be participating in a national conference phone call for chapter leaders.

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