“BUILDING A WORLD FEDERATION:
AN IDEA WHOSE TIME HAS COME”
Sovaida Ma’ani Ewing
Founder & Director, The Center for Peace and Global Governance
CGS-STL ANNUAL MEETING
WHEN: Sunday Afternoon, May 15, 2016
3:00 p.m. – Informal reception and refreshments
3:30 p.m. – “World Federation: An Idea Whose Time Has Come”
Sovaida Ma’ani Ewing, Director, CPGG
4:30 p.m. – Business meeting with election of Officers & Directors
5:00 p.m. – Optional buffet turkey dinner (Use form below.)
WHERE: Ethical Society of St. Louis, 9001 Clayton Road, 63117
(in the Assembly Hall, lower level; park in rear & enter by rear door.)
Copies of Savaida’s book BUILDING A WORLD FEDERATION (2015) will be available for $8.00.
Reservation Form for optional BUFFET TURKEY DINNER at 5:00 p.m.
(Deadline for receipt of this form is 1:00 p.m. Friday, May 13)
Telephone: ( ) e-mail:
No. of Turkey dinners __ No. of Vegetarian dinners __ $15 each; students $3.
Turkey, dressing, salad, mashed potatoes and gravy, green beans, cranberry sauce, whole wheat rolls, blueberry cobbler, beverage; cheese and vegetables for vegetarians. Make your check payable to “CGS of Greater St. Louis” and send it with this form to:
Dr. David Oughton, 1130 Big Sky Drive, Fenton MO 63026.
For more info, contact Ron Glossop at 314/869-2303 or <firstname.lastname@example.org>
A message from CGS national Executive Director Earl James:
Humanity today faces a range of urgent problems, from wars and refugee crises to climate change, cyber insecurity and global economic shocks. No one country can deal effectively with these issues. In an interconnected world, we share responsibility for one another’s security.
However, most global institutions like the United Nations don’t have the capacity to meet these challenges. Solutions must be collaborative, serve multiple interests, and provide not only security but justice, as one is not sustainable without the other. In mid–2015, an unprecedented opportunity arose for Citizens for Global Solutions to participate in a worldwide effort to strengthen the capability of the UN to promote and keep the peace. The Commission on Global Security, Justice, & Governance was formed in order to address global challenges and authored a report called Confronting the Crisis of Global Governance, which issued recommendations for reforming and strengthening the United Nations in the following ways:
• Creating U.N. conflict mediation and peace operations capacity with early-warning capabilities
• Launching the U.N. Parliamentary Network as an advisory body for the U.N. General Assembly
• Establishing an International Carbon Monitoring Entity and Global Climate Action Clearinghouse
• Expanding U.N. Security Council membership to increase its representative legitimacy
• Establishing a U.N. Peacebuilding Council
• Strengthening the International Court of Justice
• Developing a Global Network of Cybercrime Centers
• Strengthening the Responsibility to Prevent, Protect and Rebuild
In addition, the Commission proposes that Civil Society organizations and UN member-nations collaborate to organize a World Conference on Global Institutions in 2020, the 75th Anniversary of the U.N. to provide a target date to enact the urgent global governance reforms necessary for a secure and just future.
Citizens for Global Solutions will lead the development of a broad-based U.S. coalition to press the U.S. congress and the administration to take the lead in ensuring that this opportunity for humanity to rescue its future does indeed take place.
2016 ESSAY CONTEST WINNERS TO GO TO
SAN FRANCISCO IN NOVEMBER
Each year our chapter holds an essay contest for people ages 18-30 where the winners get an all-expenses-paid trip to an important meeting about current global issues. Usually these meetings take place during the summer so the deadline for entering the contest is in the spring or early summer. But this year the winners will attend a Global Town Hall meeting focused on the report of the prestigious Commission on Global Security, Justice and Governance plus the CGS annual national convention, both to be held in San Francisco November 11-13, 2016. Since these meetings don’t occur until November, the deadline for entering the contest will be in late October, and the official announcement for it will be published in the CGS/STL Summer and Fall 2016 newsletters.
RON GLOSSOP’S LETTER PUBLISHED IN ST. LOUIS
POST-DISPATCH, MARCH 12, 2016, p. 12A.
It seems to me that the upcoming election will be a test of the maturity of the citizens of this country.
Is the American public ready to move beyond the narrow nationalistic view that only what happens within the United States is important to a 21st century view that we all are also citizens of planet Earth.
Certainly what happens in Missouri and Illinois is important to us, but we have become accustomed to thinking that what is good for our country as a whole is more important than the good of one or another state. Are we ready in the 21st century to think similarly that what is good for the U.S.A. is important but that the welfare of all Earthlings is more important than the welfare of the persons in one or another country?
Do people get to decide in which country they will happen to be born? Aren’t people often motivated to migrate from one country to another by things beyond their control?
What will this election show people in other countries about the maturity of Americans?
Ronald Glossop, Chair, Citizens
for Global Solutions of Greater St. Louis
“The progress of humankind towards complete peace and equality throughout the world is like the rushing of water through a gully; nothing can check it.” Kang Yu-wei in Ta T’ung Shi (The One World Philosophy), 1884.
LET’S THINK OUT OF THE BOX ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND WAR
[Ron Glossop’s April 5, 2016 blog on the CGS website <www.globalsolutions.org>]
Many thanks to President Obama and the 50+ world leaders who came to Washington for the international nuclear summit on how to keep nuclear weapons and materials out of the hands of terrorists and rogue nations. Efforts to accomplish that goal are certainly to be lauded.
Nevertheless I wish that all our world leaders could do more “out-of-the-box” thinking. Why do these nuclear weapons and materials even exist? I think that it is rather evident that like all the weapons of war they have been created by national governments in order to dominate other national governments or to protect their own nation against possible attacks by other nations.
Why is the situation so different within our country? Why don’t some states have to have nuclear weapons to protect themselves against a possible attack from another state? When we put the issue this way, it becomes evident that the problem is not really nuclear weapons or cruise missiles or drones or cyber warfare or any other kind of weapons but rather the need of national governments to be ready to resolve conflicts by military actions and war because of the absence of another better way of dealing with international conflicts.
Let’s think out of the box. If we look at what is happening within our own country, we can see that there are many intense conflicts based on ideological views or religious views or racial differences or economic advantages and disadvantages. We are soon going to have an election, and who gets elected, not only for President but for many other political positions, will make a great deal of difference. In our democracy, these elections along with the courts provide a nonviolent alternative to war and weaponry. We also enjoy the democratic advantage that the winners in elections are in policy-making positions of power for only a limited period of time until the next election.
At the core of warfare is the notion of unlimited national sovereignty, of wanting to be a national community which can do as it wishes with no concern for the bigger global community. At one time in this country we had the Articles of Confederation where each of the 13 newly independent former colonies had unlimited state sovereignty with its own legislature, its own army, its own currency, its own local loyalty, and so on. In the short period after the Revolutionary War and before the adoption of the federal U.S. Constitution these colonies had economic and military battles against each other. There was no higher authority to resolve conflicts just as is the case in our ultimately lawless world today.
Fortunately for us, men such as George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, Benjamin Franklin and other “Federalists,” led us from that unstable confederation of the 13 colonies to the United States of America, a new system of federation where each state would retain some sovereignty but it would be limited by the sovereignty of the larger national community. Unfortunately, we had the Civil War to determine that the Union is and would remain a federation rather than retreat to a confederation again.
If we want to get rid of nuclear weapons and war, let us think out of the box. Let us do at the global level what our Founding Fathers did for our country. Carl van Doren wrote in The Great Rehearsal, “In 1787 the problem was how the people could learn to think nationally, not locally, about the United States.” Now the problem is how the people of the various nations can learn to think globally, not nationalistically, about the long-term welfare of all the inhabitants of planet Earth.
“Pope Francis’ Encyclical on Climate Change”
David C. Oughton, Ph.D.
Pope Francis has recently made an important contribution to the international debate about climate change and other global problems with his encyclical letter “Laudato Si” (Latin for its opening words “Praised Be,” the beginning of a canticle of St. Francis of Assisi). In English the encyclical (176 pages) is known as “On Care for Our Common Home.” The titles of its six chapters indicate Francis’ concerns: “What is Happening to Our Common Home,” “The Gospel of Creation,” “The Human Roots of the Ecological Crisis,” “Integral Ecology,” “Lines of Approach and Action,” and “Ecological Education and Spirituality.”
Francis begins by saying: “faced as we are with global environmental deterioration, I wish to address every person living on this planet… In this Encyclical, I would like to enter into dialogue with all people about our common home.”(#3) He then describes the major problems that humanity faces, including the hundreds of millions of tons of waste, much of it non-biodegradable, highly toxic, and radioactive. He regrets that “the earth, our home, is beginning to look more and more like an immense pile of filth.”(#21) This is a result of our “throwaway culture” that reduces many things and even people to rubbish, rampant individualism, and a self-centered culture of instant gratification.
Pope Francis argues that the climate is a common good. He accepts the findings of many scientific studies that indicate that global warming is the result of many greenhouse gases “released mainly as a result of human activity.” The problem is aggravated by a “model of development based on the intensive use of fossil fuels.”(#23) The continuing warming of the climate worldwide is causing a constant rise in the sea level, devastation to coral reefs, the melting of the polar ice caps and glaciers, the disappearance of thousands of plant and animal species, air and water pollution, and an increase in extreme weather events around the world. The deterioration of the natural environment and of human cultures especially affects the poorest and most vulnerable people on the planet. Depletion of natural resources will lead to future wars which will do even further harm to the environment.
Francis recognizes that climate change is a global problem that has environmental, social, economic, and political implications. He says that this “represents one of the principal challenges facing humanity in our day.”(#25) But many humans seem to lack the spiritual and political will to confront this crisis. What is needed is a spiritual and social revolution. We need to see nature as God’s creation and not merely as a source of profit and gain. We need to see ourselves as stewards of creation and find ways to live in harmony with nature. We need to develop an environmental theology because “everything is interconnected.”(#138) We need to develop methods for combating poverty while protecting nature. Francis uses the language of liberation theology: we need “a summons to solidarity and a preferential option for the poorest of our brothers and sisters.”(#158)
What kind of world do we want to leave to our children and future generations? What can be done to solve these major global problems? Francis says that we need to envision “one world with a common plan.”(#164) Individual countries cannot solve these problems. In order to create systems of renewable energy, sustainable agriculture, better management of marine and land resources, and universal access to clean drinking water, “enforceable international agreements are urgently needed.”(#173) Francis says that we need “stronger and more efficiently organized international institutions.” (#175) He emphasizes an important element in the modern social teaching of the Catholic Church–in order to solve global problems, “there is urgent need of a true world political authority.”(#175)
Pope Francis calls upon the religions of the world to dialogue about effective ways to protect nature, defend the poor, and build “networks of respect and fraternity.”(#201) He also calls for a dialogue among the various sciences in order to develop new methods of energy that do not harm the natural environment. He hopes that the national governments of the world will create “institutions empowered to impose penalties for damage inflicted on the environment.” (#214) He asks each person to examine whether their lifestyle is based on selfishness and greed that leads to an obsession with consumption. Finally, he explains the need for the development of an ethics and a spirituality of ecology.
(Dr. Oughton is an Associate Professor in the Theology Department at Saint Louis University where he teaches courses on the world’s religions. He serves as the Treasurer on the board of the St. Louis Chapter of Citizens for Global Solutions.)
“I can say to you ‘now or never’,” Pope Francis said. “Every year the problems are getting worse. We are at the limits. If I may use a strong word I would say that we are at the limits of suicide.”
“Working for peace ultimately must involve some kind of concern about and participation (direct or indirect) in politics.”
–Ronald Glossop, Confronting War (4th ed.),p. 18.
Reminder: Time to renew your membership in CGS of Greater St. Louis
We value your membership in Citizens for Global Solutions of Greater St. Louis. We hope you will continue your support for another year. You should have received a separate letter reminding you that it is time to renew, but this item in the newsletter is to remind you and also anyone who has not received a letter that a new membership year has arrived. All who were members during 2015 have received the January 2016 newsletter. Membership guarantees that you will continue to get our quarterly newsletter GLOBAL SOLUTIONS NEWS which keeps you informed about our local activities and provides articles of interest to our members. We encourage you to participate in our events where you will be informed by experts about global issues and global solutions and will have a chance to share your views with them. Our fall workshop will be October 16.
Memberships in our local CGS organization and the national CGS organization are separate matters. Membership in the national Citizens for Global Solutions costs an additional $25 per year. You can decide how much of your national membership dues goes to the educational CGS Education Fund and how much goes to the political CGS Action Network, which also is the home for our GS Political Action Committee which endorses and supports candidates for Congress. Contributions to CGS-AN are not tax- deductible. You can join the national CGS at the website <http://globalsolutions.org> or by sending a check and your name and address to: Citizens for Global Solutions, 420 Seventh Street SE, Washington DC 20003. Our local CGS of Greater St. Louis publishes a quarterly newslettter and arranges local programs. Annual local membership dues are $25 ($10 for students). Members and other contributors receive our quarterly newsletters and have voting rights at the annual meeting. Please also consider an additional contribution to assist us in our work. Life membership is awarded for a donation of $500 or more.
Make checks payable to “Citizens for Global Solutions/St. Louis” and send them along with the membership blank below to David Oughton, 1130 Big Sky Drive, Fenton MO 63026. Both dues and additional contributions are tax deductible because CGS of Greater St. Louis is a 501(c)(3) educational, non- political membership organization. Thanks for your support.
Ron Glossop, Chair
CITIZENS FOR GLOBAL SOLUTIONS OF
ST. LOUIS CHAPTER LEADERS
Each year in April or May we have our annual meeting where we elect our Officers and Directors for the following year. The chapter leaders for 2015-2016 are:
CHAIR: Ronald Glossop,
VICE-CHAIR: Yvonne Logan
TREASURER: David Oughton,
MEMBERSHIP SECRETARY: Terry Gates,
RECORDING SECRETARY: Kimberly Murphy
DIRECTORS: Brian Arendt, Cassandra Butler, Hasmik Chakaryan, Alex Nourse, Sara Rahim, Robert Reinhold, Chancelor Thomas, Grant Williams, and Samantha Williams.
Others who are important to our work are:
NEWSLETTER LAYOUT EDITOR Marideth Sisco.
NEWSLETTER PRINTER Ally Kowalski at The Ink Spot, 3433 Hampton Ave., St. Louis MO 63139.
Our board meets every other month at the World Community Center, 438 No. Skinker, whose manager is Darrick Smith.
Saturday, May 7, 10:15 a.m. – CGS/STL Board of Officers & Directors meets at World Community Center, 438 No. Skinker Blvd., 63130. The meeting is open to all. Note this meeting will be on the first Saturday of the month rather than the second Saturday in order to avoid conflicts with commencement exercises at Lindenwood University and St. Louis University as well as not being the last day before our annual meeting.
Sunday, May 15, 3:00 p.m. – CGS/STL 2016 annual meeting featuring Sovaida Ma’ani Ewing speaking on “Building a World Federation: An Idea Whose Time Has Come” at the Ethical Society of St. Louis. See announcement and reservation form for optional concluding buffet turkey dinner on front page.
Saturday, June 11, 10:15 a.m. – CGS/STL Board of Officers & Directors meets at World Community Center, 438 No. Skinker Blvd., 63130. The meeting is open to all. Note that usually this meeting would occur in July rather than June, but it is being changed to June because people are away in July and we don’t want to wait until September for the first meeting after the annual meeting.
Sunday, August 7 – Probable time for WILPF’s annual Hiroshima-Nagasaki memorial event, but details not yet available.