College students, & high-school seniors and juniors— Enter this contest for an all-expenses-paid trip
to participate in our national assembly in Minneapolis
“DEVELOPING A PEOPLE’S FOREIGN POLICY FOR THE UNITED STATES”
OCTOBER 26 – 28, 2007
HEAR PRESENTATIONS BY EXPERTS & JOIN IN DISCUSSIONS ON:
USING THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT & “R2P” IN AFRICA WEIGHTED VOTING PROPOSALS TO MAKE THE U.N. MORE EFFECTIVE THE GLOBAL SOUTH PERSPECTIVE FOR A JUST & LASTING PEACE HOW CAN THE SPREAD OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS BE CONTROLLED?
HELP FORMULATE PROPOSALS FOR U.S. ACTION IN THE WORLD
Citizens for Global Solutions of Greater St. Louis will provide transportation, registration, meals, & lodging for a college student or a high-school junior or senior to participate in our organization’s national assembly in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
The conference begins at 6:00 p.m. Friday, October 26, so you should be able to leave St. Louis early Friday afternoon. It ends just after noon on Sunday, October 28, so you should be back by that night. Get- ting to and from the St. Louis airport is your responsibility.
If you want to be a contestant for this all-expenses-paid trip, write a 3-5 page typed essay (double- spaced) consisting of two parts. In the first part tell us about your background and why you would be a good person for us to send to this meeting. In the second part share with us your thinking about some of the problems our world community faces and how we might deal with them more effectively.
In exchange for this subsidy CGS of St. Louis expects you to give us a brief written report about the conference & what you learned from it. (This gets published in our local newsletter.)
Send your essay to:
Ronald J. Glossop, 8894 Berkay Avenue, Jennings, MO 63136-5004
or preferably by e-mail to: <email@example.com>
Be sure to include your home address and home telephone number.
For more information, call (314) 869-2303.
Deadline: October 1, 2007. Winner will be notified by October 4, 2007.
LETTER TO MEMBERS ABOUT RESIGNATION OF CHARLIE BROWN
Dear Citizens for Global Solutions family,
We are writing you today to let you know that Charles Brown has informed us of his decision to step down as President and CEO of Citizens for Global Solutions, effective September 30, 2007. We deeply appreciate all that Charlie has accomplished during the past three years and we know that you join us in wishing him well as he pursues new challenges.
Over the coming weeks, the boards, working with our talented and committed staff leadership, will set out criteria for the selection of our next leader. We would, of course, especially value nominations and suggestions from you, our larger family. Until a new person is appointed, Raj Purohit, who has so ably served CGS over the past two years as our senior policy analyst, will serve as Interim Director.
Charlie has been at the helm during three years of extraordinary accomplishments. Thanks to your work and that of our terrific staff, we were able to repel the Bush Administration’s attacks on the International Criminal Court (ICC), in the process helping put a stop to the Administration’s efforts to penalize those coun- tries who have joined the ICC. We have helped convince key officials that it is in America’s best interests to start working with the ICC to bring an end to the genocide in Darfur.
We worked with partner organizations to defeat the unilateralist campaign against the United Nations, preventing their efforts to cut UN dues – and in the very near future– to end the cap on peacekeeping dues. We continue to work with our partners and friends to promote the bold concept of the international community’s Responsibility to Protect those at risk of mass atrocities. In these and other ways, CGS has worked to make the UN the effective and capable institution we need to respond to the threats and chal- lenges of a new century.
We have been able to connect the global to local in cities like Indianapolis, Des Moines, Santa Fe, Pitts- burgh and Minneapolis, helping build local coalitions of activists and giving them the skills they need to talk about global issues in their home towns. And as we saw earlier this year with the Darfur divestment campaign in Indiana, we are beginning to help local activists have an impact not only at home, but around the world as well.
We are proud that over 90 percent of the candidates we endorsed and supported were elected to Congress in
2006, helping to reverse the neoconservative tide in Washington and bring some balance to our lawmakers’ deliberations. Our annual Congressional Report Card is a “must-read” on Capitol Hill, with Congressional staff now encouraging their bosses to take actions just to improve their grades. The combined impact of our PAC, our professional advocacy staff, and your efforts back in the districts has meant that when Citizens for Global Solutions calls, Washington listens as never before. Candidates from both parties eagerly seek out our endorsement and our support.
Some of our most cherished long-term initiatives – including the creation of a UN Emergency Peace Service (UNEPS) and Senate ratification of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) – are closer to becoming a reality than ever before. This summer, Congress may hold the first-ever hearings on UNEPS and this fall, the Senate should ratify UNCLOS.
CGS has helped organize youth around global warming, encouraged the leaders of cities to recognize what they can do to help the environment, and helped change the frame in the energy debate from indepen- dence to interconnectedness and diversity. We have brought in a new generation of activists to help make our work happen – more than 36,000 young people are now part of our online network, and our website now aver- ages more than 1.5 million hits each month. Our flash animation competitions and online poetry slams have generated tremendous buzz and interest, in the process encouraging entirely new communities and groups to get involved in our work.
And thanks in part to our bold and collaborative leadership, John Bolton is no longer the U.S. Ambassa- dor to the United Nations.
I know that Charlie shares our pride in what our superb staff and activists have accomplished during his tenure. On behalf of the entire CGS family, we wish Charlie all the best and we look forward to opportunities to work together in support of the cause that we so passionately share. We are dedicated to ensuring the continued growth and strength that will permit Citizens for Global Solutions to accomplish its vision and mission.
Marjorie Ramp, Chair, Citizens for Global Solutions; Don Ferencz, Chair, Citizens for Global Solutions Education Fund
Hiroshima/Nagasaki Observance on Sunday, August 5, 2007
by David Oughton
Three years ago I spoke at this event after returning from Hiroshima, Japan and seeing there the museum about the destruction of that city in August, 1945 because of one nuclear bomb.
Today I am speaking as a representative of the board of the St. Louis chapter of Citizens for Global Solutions, formerly known as the World Federalist Association. We believe that global problems require global solutions and that lasting world peace requires enforceable world law.
According to Citizens for Global Solutions, the possession of many thousands of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction by some countries demonstrates why we must revise the way international politics is conducted.
The problem the world faces is not just the existence of nuclear weapons. Any kind of modern weapon is a symptom of the problem. The problem we need to solve is war itself.
If we had a magic wand and were able to make every nuclear weapon disappear, we would only be returning to the era of the Second World War before August, 1945 in which over 50 million people were killed by conventional weapons. We certainly want to eliminate nuclear weapons because they are extremely dangerous for the entire world commu- nity. The nuclear bombs which destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki had the destructive power of 14,000 tons of TNT. Many modern nuclear weapons each have the destructive power of 25,000,000 tons of TNT, or 1,500 times more destructive power than those that destroyed these Japanese cities.
But the larger question is how we can transform the current war system into a peace system where conflicts between nations are resolved by political and judicial means such as debating, voting, global democracy, and the enforcement of world laws.
If an effective and just system of world democ- racy could be created, many national leaders would not feel that they need nuclear weapons as part of their foreign policies. Once an effective and just system of global democracy is operative, the nuclear weapons that currently exist could be
dismantled under a system of global inspections and a set of world laws could be enforced by a global agency that would prohibit the possession of enriched nuclear materials that could be used for bombs. Such nuclear materials must be secured by that global agency. Individuals or groups of indi- viduals who would seek to possess such nuclear materials must be prosecuted by the world federa- tion of nations for crimes against humanity.
Before a world federation of nations can be created, Citizens for Global Solutions supports the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and the Non-Proliferation Treaty. We also support the treaty for the permanent International Criminal Court that over 100 nations have joined. This court is now able to arrest and prosecute individuals involved in genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity when national courts are unable or unwilling to prosecute them. These treaties between nations are steps in the right direction. But national governments are not obligated by treaties they do not sign or ratify. Because most, but not all, national governments keep most, but not all, of the treaties they do sign most, but not all, of the time, we need to create a new global legal system where individuals are prosecuted for violating world laws just as they are for violating national, state, and local laws.
How can such a global legal system be created? I think there are a number of necessary conditions. First, the sense of a global community must be
emphasized. The feeling of humatriotism, loyalty to the human family, must be emphasized in addi- tion to patriotism. Patriotism alone is necessary under the present war system in order to convince individuals to fight or support a war. We need to rather promote the idea that everyone is a local, regional, national, and world citizen. In front of CBC High School and in my classroom, we have the flag of St. Louis, the Missouri flag, the United States flag, and the United Nations flag in order to emphasize these four layers of citizenship.
Secondly, we all need to live by the principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities, and the Declaration for a Global Ethic. It is the responsibility of families, schools, and the world’s religions to teach and promote these agreements.
Thirdly, we need to promote conditions for an effective world democracy. People from different countries need to be able to understand each other. Therefore, an artificial auxiliary language like Esperanto needs to be taught in schools around the world in addition to native languages.
Finally, even though most local, state, and national communities live under a system of law and order, the world community now lacks a system of law and order. The United Nations Security Council has usually been ineffective in preventing or ending the 120 wars since the cre- ation of the U.N. after the Second World War because the five permanent members (who possess the vast majority of the world’s nuclear arsenal) each have a veto over resolutions and at least one of them have vetoed or have threatened to veto a resolution whenever it or one of its allies has been involved in a conflict. Furthermore, the United Nations confederacy is based on international law, which is a system of treaties and customs that are not always enforceable. The United Nations confederacy is also based on the principles of
national sovereignty and collective security, which perpetuate the war system.
The United Nations confederacy of nations with international law needs to be transformed into a democratic world federation of nations with world law. This would require a world constitution that would protect individual human rights as well as the rights and obligations of nation-states. It would require a fair system of voting in a world parlia- ment. It would require a fair system of enforcing world laws. It would require the arrest, prosecu- tion, and imprisonment of individuals who violate world laws. Under this world federation, local, state, and national governments and legal systems would continue to exist under the principle of subsidiarity.
So according to Citizens for Global Solutions we need to eliminate nuclear weapons but this can be done only by creating a different kind of global legal system. All of us can promote the conditions that would lead to such a new legal system. We should all join and support organizations like Citizens for Global Solutions. Finally, we can all vote for enlightened leaders who will not try to conserve the 19th century notion of independent sovereign nations who have a right to wage war but who will promote the 21st century idea of an interdependent federation of nations that will outlaw nuclear weapons and outlaw war itself.
Excerpted from the front covers of the magazine UNITED WORLD: CDWG NEWS & VIEWS edited by Gary K. Shepherd, editor, 401 So. Dixon, Carbondale IL 62901.
“Man will never fly,”
They said before the planes and blimps Zoomed and purred in arcs
Winding in their circles around the globe.
“Man will never make the United States of Europe, Nor later yet the United States of the World.
No, you are going too far when you talk about one World Flag for the great Family of Nations.”
They say that now.
— Carl Sandburg, THE PEOPLE, YES (1936)
“It is my opinion that the safety of the world, its protection against the unimaginable devastation of an atomic war, depends upon the institutions of democratic world-wide government—a government of the people themselves, like the government of the United States of America. The experience of generation after generation has shown that pacts and treaties between nations do not avert war, but lead to war. Only a democratic union of the people provides safety and peace.”
— Linus Pauling, Nobel Laureate
THE CHOICE FOR US:
WORLD FEDERATION INSTEAD OF AMERICAN EMPIRE
(At the September 8 meeting of the local CGS Board of Directors, a discussion took place with regard to the work of Citizens for Global Solutions. The Board asked that a brief summary of that discussion be put into the newsletter for all the members. Here it is.)
The slogan of Citizens for Global Solutions is “Building Peace, Justice, and Freedom in a Demo- cratically Governed World.” But does this vague slogan generate much enthusiasm? Specific issues like the destruction of the environment by global warming or the genocide in Darfur or terrorism or the continuing conflict between Israel and the Palestinians seem to generate more commitment.
It is true that these more specific issues may engender more readiness to act, but for those who know their human history and the horrors of world war and the continuing development of ever more horrible weapons of war, a longer term vision is necessary. We must create a different international system to replace the existing one based on na- tional sovereignty and superior military might. As marine biologist Jacques Cousteau asked, “Why protect the fish if the planet is going to be de- stroyed?” (Glossop, CONFRONTING WAR [4th ed.], p. 5).
The only reason for the present complacency in this country is the dominant military and economic position of the United States. The threat from the Soviet Union has been at least temporarily pushed into the background and the impending threat from China still seems rather distant. The threat from Islamic extremists is an annoyance but generally viewed as not yet a serious threat. Some kind of U.S. action in Iraq is viewed as necessary by most Americans, and few see any good alternative. Even the Democrats fear disaster if American forces are simply withdrawn. The possibility of U.N. peace- keeping forces is mentioned from time to time but is generally ignored.
For some people in this country, the only way to have continuing world peace is to have the U.S.
rule the world, to have an American Empire. Those who promote this vision speak of a new American Century. Undoubtedly the leaders of the big corporations would rather see the world ruled by the United States than by the United Nations or some kind of world government. But is it just to have one nation with 5 percent of the world’s population ruling the world? Won’t this situation produce growing resentment in the rest of the world?
The United States could use its present pre- eminent position in the world to bring about a democratic world government where all of the people of the world would have a chance to influ- ence global policies. If the government of the United States adopted such a goal, it could prob- ably be implemented in less than 25 years. A main obstacle to the creation of a democratic world federation is the antagonistic attitude of the present leadership of the United States.
But even with a different U.S. view, the change will not be easy. Unfortunately, no national government wants to give up its power even to a regional federation. For example, in Europe there is continuing resistance to the subordination of national sovereignty to a European federation even on the part of small countries which have virtually no power. And those national leaders who really have power are even less likely to want to share it, even though they would be loved rather than resented if they would just do that.
Poorer small countries fear being dominated by richer big countries, but they do not realize they are now under the control of corporations. We need to help people see the need for international coopera- tion, but we also need to show how we can keep the international organizations from being dominated by big corporations and rich countries? That is a real fear that needs to be addressed. That is why the World Economic Equalization Program described by James Yunker at our last annual meeting needs to be an important part of the world federalist program.
If the U.S. would lead the way in transforming the United Nations into a democratic world federa- tion which includes the World Economic Equaliza- tion Program, we would no longer need to be so concerned about the day when China has a larger economy than the U.S., a situation which may give rise to another Cold War with renewed arms races involving nuclear weapons, laser weapons, robots, and more horrible kinds of destructive devices.
But to get moving toward that long-term goal, this country must change its current policies. The U.S. should be leading the effort to build and strengthen the International Criminal Court, to forcefully and financially support peacekeeping by the United Nations (including in Iraq and Darfur and Palestine), to eliminate all nuclear weapons, to enact enforceable international agreements to preserve the environment, to implement the Law of the Sea Treaty, and to develop a sense of global
community which prevails over narrower commit- ments to national governments, ethnic groups, or extremist religious groups.
“Most people still perceive the world as being a contest between our national military forces and their national military forces rather than as a contest between us civilians and those militarists. Yet a change to that latter way of thinking is the core of the move to a democratic world federation” (Glossop, WORLD FEDERATION?, p. 220).
From the St. Louis POST-DISPATCH, July 12, 2007 THE WAY OUT OF IRAQ
There is growing agreement that it is time to get U.S. military forces out of Iraq. But Democrats as well as Republicans must address the issue of what comes next. The main issue is not about when to pull the forces out, but about how to do it so that the existing chaos does not get even worse. Failure to address that issue keeps Democrats trapped into continuing support for the war.
The answer is in Congressman Dennis Kucinich’s neglected bill HR 1234, supported by St. Louis area Congressman Lacy Clay (MO-1), among others. The administration should announce a time 6-10 months in the future when all U.S. military forces will be pulled out of Iraq. At that time, the United Nations should send in an order- maintaining peacekeeping force which ideally would contain a predominance of peacekeepers
from mainly Muslim countries such as Malaysia and Indonesia. That would remove the concern of many Muslims about “infidel” military forces in Iraq. Since the governments of those Muslim countries very much want to prevent increased conflict between Sunnis and Shias in their own countries, they would exert maximum effort to control it in Iraq. At the same time this country could use the resources presently being spent on our military to support the U.N. peacekeepers and help rebuild the Iraq economy.
Why is this proposal not getting more attention, especially from those who support the withdrawal of U.S. forces?
Ronald Glossop, Professor Emeritus, Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Citizens for Global Solutions provides us a way to get involved in the political process in this country which is the needed next step in this change from war and militarism to democratic politics at the global level.
Keeping Informed About Global Problems And Global Solutions
More and more of our members are getting accustomed to using the internet to get information. To keep informed about global problems and what Citizens for Global Solutions is doing to address them, go to the CGS website at <http://www.globalsolutions.org>.
Click on “Issues.” If you then want to read book reviews of books focused on our issues, click on “World Federalist Institute.”
“Citizens for Global Solutions envisions a future in which nations work together to abolish war, protect our rights and freedoms, and solve the prob- lems facing humanity that no nation can solve alone. This vision requires effective democratic global institutions that will apply the rule of law while respecting the diversity and autonomy of national and local communities.”
MEMBERSHIPS, whether new or renewal, should be sent with a check for the appropriate amount to Citizens for Global Solutions, PO Box 96222, Washington DC 20090-6222. You will automatically become a member of our local chapter too. Checks to support the POLITICAL work of the LOCAL CHAPTER (which are NOT tax-deductible) should be made to
“Citizens for Global Solutions-St. Louis” and sent to David Oughton, 1130 Big Sky Drive, Fenton MO 63026.
“Citizens for Global Solutions Education Fund,” and sent to PO Box 96222, Washington DC 20090-6222 with a notation on the check “for St. Louis chapter.”